Arabica vs Robosta

Coffee is a popular drink in many countries around the world. Many people are interested in what type of coffee they should choose for their daily morning cup or brew it correctly. It's important to know the differences between Arabica and Robusta coffees because each one has different tastes and benefits to offer you. This article will give you 10 differences between Arabica vs Robusta coffee so you can make an educated decision when choosing which type is best for your needs!

Arabica Coffee Beans

Arabica Coffee Beans

Arabica coffee is something that most people like. People usually drink it because they think it tastes better than Robusta coffee. Arabica comes mainly from Africa and Asia, but sometimes other places too. It is usually grown above the ground in areas with lots of sunlight or dense trees for shade to help keep them protected from direct light when growing up to maturity (which can take up to five years). The plants themselves grow very close together, which helps protect each plant's branches much more easily than if they were spread out across a large field; this also allows farmers to pick main crops easier once the coffee berries are ripe.

According to the International Coffee Organization, more than 60 percent of the world's coffee comes from Arabica growers. This type of coffee bean began Ethiopia's coffee industry, and it thrives best at higher altitudes. Arabica flowers bloom only after a few years and produce elliptical fruits containing two flat seeds known as coffee beans.

Arabica Coffee Varieties

There are a few different types of Arabica coffee. The most common type is the Typica bean. Other types include Bourbon, Caturra, and Pacamara. Each type has its unique flavor profile, perfect for certain brewing methods or applications.

For example, the Pacamara bean is great for espresso because of its intense sweetness and floral notes. If you're looking for a versatile coffee that can be brewed in various ways, then choose a Typica or Bourbon bean. If you want something with more intense flavors that will stand up to milk and sugar additives, try a Caturra or Pacamara bean. No matter which variety you choose, Arabica coffee beans are sure to give your morning cup of joe a delicious boost!

Different Features, But The Same Family

Arabica vs Robusta

There are many different Arabica coffee beans, but they all come from the same family. The beans can have different features, such as flavor and acidity, but they all share the same characteristics. Arabica is known for its smooth flavor and lack of bitterness. It is also less acidic than other types of coffee beans. This makes it a popular choice for those who want a mild cup of coffee.

The different types of Arabica beans can be divided into two categories: Typica and Bourbon. Typica beans are known for their balanced flavor and moderate acidity. Bourbon beans are more acidic and have a stronger flavor than Typica beans. However, both types of beans produce a high-quality cup of coffee.

Arabica Coffee Flavor

Arabica Coffee Flavor

Arabica coffee is a type of coffee that has a more complex flavor than Robusta. The beans are typically grown in regions like Central America and Africa. Arabica coffee is known for its sweetness and fruity notes, making it a popular choice among coffee drinkers. If you're looking for a flavorful cup of coffee, be sure to try Arabica!


Arabica is a more delicate plant than Robusta. The yield and health of Arabica plants are sensitive to changes in the weather. Arabica coffee farmers take some danger because unforeseen events may easily destroy their coffee plants. Farming is one of the most challenging ways to earn a living, and understandably, few farmers are eager to risk starvation by growing Arabica exclusively.

Robusta (Canephora) Coffee Beans

Robusta Coffee beans

Robusta coffee beans are used in making coffee. They are different from other types of coffee beans because they have higher caffeine content, and they are more bitter than other types of coffee beans.

Robusta coffee beans are typically used in blends to add flavor and body to the coffee. They are sometimes used in espresso drinks to give them a stronger flavor.

Despite their high caffeine content, Robusta coffee beans are not as popular as Arabica coffee beans. This is because they have a harsher flavor that many people find unpleasant. However, for those who enjoy a strong cup of coffee, Robusta coffee beans can be a great choice. Read benefits of organic coffee.

Robusta Coffee Is Great For Blends

Robosta Espresso Blend

Robusta coffee is good in the blend and can add depth to the brew. Robusta beans are very consistent when it comes to quality. The flavors that Robusta adds to the blend, such as chocolate or earthy notes, enhance coffee flavor; Robusta coffee taste helps balance out coffees with high acidity. It's often used in espresso blends because its strong body stands up well against dark roasts.


Another reason Robusta controls less than half of the coffee production in the world is that it produces superior espresso. Crema is the holy grail of espresso, and Robusta is superior for producing it than Arabica. Most espresso drinkers want a creamy, smooth feel to their coffee, and adding some Robusta to espresso mixes makes it simpler to produce that delicious Crema.


Arabica and Robosta beans

Robusta is easier to cultivate and sustain from a farming standpoint. Robusta beans may withstand a wider range of weather conditions and diseases, making them more resistant to adversity. Several appealing elements make Robusta a much safer option for farmers who rely on their crop production.

Arabica VS Robusta

A coffee blend's flavor often comes from the Arabica beans, which are more expensive than Robusta. Arabica is milder in taste and has a smoother finish while still offering brightness with acidity. A blend may have only Arabica or mostly Arabicas but can also have both Arabica & Robusta to create balance.

Here's a list featuring 10 differences between the two coffee species:

1. Taste

Arabica: Arabica coffee has more extensive flavor profiles and a cleaner taste than Robusta. Arabica coffees often have sweet, floral aromas, while Robustas can be earthier with nutty overtones. Arabicas are known for their fuller body, which gives coffee its characteristic creaminess.

Robusta: Robustas have a higher caffeine content and a slightly bitter, earthy flavor. Robustas typically have less body, making them more acidic and harsh. Higher levels of certain oils in Robusta beans give the coffee a strong smell that some find unpleasant.

2. Smell

The smell is an important factor when it comes to coffee. Many people believe that Robusta has a stronger smell than Arabica. This is because Robusta contains more caffeine than Arabica. The higher levels of caffeine give Robusta beans a harsher, earthier taste and smell. Arabica beans are considered to have a milder flavor and aroma. While the two types of coffee vary in their smell, they both produce a delicious cup of coffee.

3. Caffeine 

Arabica: Arabica coffee contains caffeine, but it has a lower caffeine content than Robusta coffee. Caffeine is responsible for the bitter flavor of Arabica beans. Arabica contains 1.5% of caffeine.

Robusta: Robusta coffee can have twice as much caffeine as Arabica, which gives it an unpleasant taste to many people. Robusta contains 2.7% of caffeine. It's used more commonly in instant coffees and espresso because its intense flavor allows you to use less without losing too much strength or quality of the beverage.

4. Lipid & Sugar Content

Arabica: Arabica is a lot more fatty and sugary than Robusta. Arabica has almost 60% more lipids and nearly twice the sugar content than Robusta.

Robusta: Robusta is a lot more bitter and bland tasting than Arabica. This occurs because of Robusta's lack of lipids and its lower concentration in sugars.

5. Price

Arabica: Arabica coffee is more expensive than Robusta coffee. Arabica beans are harder to grow and therefore require a lot more care during all stages of production.

Robusta:  Robusta coffee beans are much easier to grow and have a higher yield than Arabica, which is why it is cheaper. It also has more caffeine, but most people say it tastes worse.

6. Growing Environment

Arabica: Arabica coffee plants grow best at about 2000 feet above sea level. The climate should be warm but not too hot and humid with plenty of rainfall to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged so they can get adequate oxygen for their roots.

The preferred temperature range is between 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and below 60 degrees Fahrenheit during the night-time hours, which means that any significant cold front or strong winds from lower altitudes (below 1000 feet) will damage them as well as drought conditions and high atmospheric humidity.


Robusta grows in a much hotter environment than Arabica; it flourishes around 80 degrees Fahrenheit throughout its flowering period. It also needs less rain, about 60-80 inches per year. Robusta can handle more wind and higher elevations than Arabica; it likes full sun all day long, so it usually grows in open woodland conditions where few other plants compete for the same sunlight.

7. The Shape

Arabica: The Arabica bean is typically oval or conical and has a smooth surface.

Robusta: The Robusta bean is more round and has a rougher surface.

8. Plant Height

Arabica: The Arabica coffee plant is very tall and only grows to about 10 to 15 feet. It has a thin trunk with large branches that arch outward, allowing it to support the weight of its fruit. The leaves are dark green, oval-shaped, with jagged edges.

Robusta: The Robusta coffee plant grows to about 15 to 30 feet. It has a thicker trunk and smaller branches than the Arabica. The leaves are dark green, round with smooth edges.

9. Chlorogenic acid (CGA) content

Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is a polyphenol found in coffee. It's responsible for the bitterness of coffee and has been shown to have health benefits such as weight loss and improved blood sugar control.

A notable antioxidant and insect repellant, CGA is found in higher concentrations in Arabica coffee. The CGA content of Robusta coffee is 7-10%, whereas that of Arabica coffee is 5.5-8%.

10. Cultivation

Arabica: Brazil is the world's largest coffee producer, and the vast majority of what it produces is Arabica. Indonesia also grows mostly Arabica beans.

Robusta: Vietnam produces more Robusta coffee than any other country, and has a majority of the world's Robusta production.

In terms of global volumes, no species comes close to dominating as much as Arabica beans do. However, both are good options for those who love a nice cup of joe.

Arabica Vs Robusta: Which Is Better?

While there is no such thing as the ideal coffee, most individuals appear to like Arabica over Robusta since it tastes better. While Arabica is smoother and sweeter, Robusta is known for its harsh and traditional "coffee" flavor. That said, it all depends on your personal taste preferences.

Arabica and Robusta are two varieties of coffee, both derived from the Coffea plant. Arabica is more sweet and fruity, whereas Robusta has an earthy taste.